JOURNAL PUBLICATIONS

A. Chandran, R. L. Collins, R. R. Garcia, and D. R. Marsh, A case study of an elevated stratopause generated in the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model, Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L08804, doi:10.1029/2010GL046566, 2011.

D. D. Wheeler, D. D., V. L. Harvey, D. E. Atkinson, R. L. Collins, and M. J. Mills A climatology of cold air outbreaks over North America: WACCM and ERA-40 comparison and analysis, Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, D12107 doi:10.1029/2011JD015711, 2011.

R. H. Varney, M. C. Kelley, M. J. Nicolls, C. J. Heinselman, R. L. Collins, The electron density dependence of polar mesospheric summer echoes, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar Terrestrial Physics, 73, 2153-2165, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2010.07.020, 2010.

B. Thurairajah, R. L. Collins, V. L. Harvey, R. S. Liebermann, M. Gerding, K. Mizutani, and J. M. Livingston (2010), Gravity Wave Activity in the Arctic Stratosphere and Mesosphere during the 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 Stratospheric Sudden Warming Events, Journal of Geophysical Research, 115 , D00N06, doi:10.1029/2010JD014125., 2010.

B. Thurairajah, R. L. Collins, V. L. Harvey, R. S. Lieberman, and K. Mizutani, Rayleigh lidar observations of reduced gravity wave activity during the formation of an elevated stratopause in 2004 at Chatanika, Alaska (65 N, 147 W), Journal of Geophysical Research, 115, D13109, doi:10.1029/2009JD013036, 2010.

M. C. Kelley, M. J. Nicolls, R. H. Varney, R. L. Collins, R. Doe, J.M.C. Plane, J. Thayer, M. Taylor, B. Thurairajah, K. Mizutani, Radar, lidar, and optical observations in the polar summer mesosphere shortly after a space shuttle launch, Journal of Geophysical Research , 115, A05304, doi:10.1029/2009JA014938, 2010.

B. Thurairajah, R. L. Collins, and K Mizutani, Multi-year temperature measurements of the middle atmosphere at Chatanika, Alaska (65 N, 147 W), Earth Planets Space, 61, 755-764. 2009.

R. L. Collins, S. M. Bailey, U. Berger, F.-J. Luebken, A. W. Merkel, Foreword: Special Issue on Global Perspectives on the Aeronomy of the Summer Mesopause Region, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar Terrestrial Physics , 71, 285-288, 2009.

R. L. Collins, M. J. Taylor, K. Nielsen, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, K. Sakanoi, M. T. DeLand, Noctilucent Cloud in the Western Arctic in 2005: Simultaneous Lidar and Camera Observations and Analysis, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar Terrestrial Physics , 71, 446-452, 2009.

M. J. Taylor, Y. Zhao, P.-D. Pautet, M.J. Nicolls, R.L. Collins, J. Baker-Tvedtness, C.D. Burton, B. Thurairajah, J. Reimuller, R.H. Varney, C.J. Heinselman, and K. Mizutani, Coordinated optical and radar image measurements of noctilucent clouds and polar mesospheric summer echoes, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar Terrestrial Physics, 71, 675-687, 2009.

P. W. Webley, D. E. Atkinson, R. L. Collins, K. Dean, J. Fochesatto, K. Sassen, C. F. Cahill, A. Prata, C.J. Flynn, K. Mizutani, Predicting and validating the tracking of a volcanic ash cloud during the 2006 eruption of Mt. Augustine Volcano, Alaska, USA, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 89, 1647-1658, 2008.

L. Su, R. L., Collins, D. A. Krueger, and C. -Y. She (2008), Statistical analysis of Doppler wind-temperature lidar measurements of vertical heat flux, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 25, 401-413, 2008.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyroe;, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stuebi, and B. Thurairajah, Validation of the Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment (ACE) version 2.2 temperature using ground-based and space-borne measurements, Atmospheric Chemistry and Phys 8, 35-62, 2008.

J. Xu, A. K. Smith, R. L. Collins, and C. She (2006), Signature of an overturning gravity wave in the mesospheric sodium layer: Comparison of a nonlinear photochemical-dynamical model and lidar observations, Journal of Geophysical Resesearch, 111, D17301, doi:10.1029/2005JD006749.

T. Li, C. Y. She, B. P. Williams, T. Yuan, R. L. Collins, L. M. Kieffaber, and A. W. Peterson (2005), Concurrent OH imager and sodium temperature/wind lidar observation of localized ripples over northern Colorado, Journal of Geophyical Research., 110, D13110, doi:10.1029/2004JD004885.

L. J. Gelinas, K. A. Lynch, M. C. Kelley, R. L. Collins, M. Widholm, E. MacDonald, J. Ulwick, and P. Mace, Mesospheric charged dust layer: Implications for neutral chemistry, Journal of Geophysical Research., 110, A01310, doi:10.1029/2004JA010503, 2005.

K. A. Lynch, L. J. Gelinas, M. C. Kelley, R. L. Collins, M. Widholm, D. Rau, E. MacDonald, Y. Liu, J. Ulwick, and P. Mace Multiple sounding rocket observations of charged dust in the polar winter mesosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research., 110, A03302, doi:10.1029/2004JA010502, 2005.

R. L. Collins, and R. W. Smith, Evidence of damping and overturning of gravity waves in the Arctic mesosphere: Na lidar and OH temperature observations, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 66, 867-879, 2004.

S. A. Ferguson, R. L. Collins, J. Rutherford, and M. Fukuda, Vertical distribution of smoke following a wildland biomass fire in boreal Alaska, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 108, no. D23, 4743, 2003.

R. L. Collins, M. C. Kelley, M. J. Nicolls, C. Ramos, T. Hou, T. E. Stern, K. Mizutani and T. Itabe, Simultaneous Lidar Observations of a Noctilucent Cloud and an Internal Wave in the Polar Mesosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 108, no. D8, 8435, 2003.

P. M. Franke and R. L. Collins, Evidence of gravity wave breaking in lidar data from the mesopause, Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 30, no. 4, 1155-1158, 2003.

L. J. Cutler, R. L. Collins, K. Mizutani, and T. Itabe, Rayleigh Lidar Observations of Mesospheric Inversion Layers at Poker Flat, Alaska 65 N, 147 W, Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 28, no. 8, 1467-1470, April, 2001.

Y. Murayama, K. Igarashi, D. D. Rice, B. J. Watkins, R. L. Collins, K. Mizutani, Y. Saito, S. Kainuma, Medium Frequency Radars in Japan and Alaska for Upper Atmosphere Observations, IEICE Transactions on Communications, vol. E83-B, no. 9, 1996-2003, September, 2000.

K. Mizutani, T. Itabe, M. Yasui, T. Aoki, Y. Murayama, R. L. Collins, Rayleigh and Rayleigh Doppler Lidars for the Observations of the Arctic Middle Atmosphere, IEICE Transactions on Communications, vol. E83-B, no. 9, 2004-2009, September, 2000.

R. L. Collins, D. Lummerzheim, and R. W. Smith, Analysis of lidar systems for profiling aurorally-excited molecular species, Applied Optics, vol. 36, no. 24., 6024-6034, August, 1997.

R. L. Collins, T. J. Hallinan, R. W. Smith and G. Hernandez, Lidar observations of a large high-altitude sporadic Na layer during active aurora, Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 23, no. 24, 3655-3658, December, 1996.

CONFERENCE PRESENTATIONS

R. L. Collins, B. Thurairajah, V. L. Harvey, R. S. Lieberman, D. E. Atkinson, D. Wheeler, R. R. Garcia, D. R. Marsh, The Arctic Middle Atmosphere in the Earth System: IPY Observations and Recent Model Results, State of the Arctic Meeting, Miami, USA, 15-19 March, 2010.

R. L. Collins, B. Thurairajah, V. L. Harvey, R. S. Lieberman, Gravity Wave Activity in the Arctic Middle Atmosphere during the 2003-2004 Winter, MOCA-09: IAMAS-IAPSO-IACS Joint Assembly, Montreal, Canada, 19-29 July, 2009.

R. L. Collins, V.L. Harvey, B. Thurairajah, D.E. Atkinson, G. Baumgarten, M. Gerding, J. M. Livingston, F.-J. Luebken, K. Mizutani, R.J. Sica, Pan-Arctic Study of the Circulation of the Arctic Middle Atmosphere during the IPY, MOCA-09: IAMAS-IAPSO-IACS Joint Assembly, Montreal, Canada, 19-29 July, 2009.

G. A. Lemacher, M. F. Larsen, S. Bilen, C. L. Croskey, J. D. Mitchell, F.-J. Lubken, M. Rapp, R. L. Collins, Where is the Turbopause? Rocket campaign: Overview and First Resullts, 19th ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon Programmes and Related Research, Bad Reichenhall, Germany, 7-11 June, 2009.

V. L. Harvey, R. L. Collins, D. E. Atkinson, B. Thurairajah, Vertical Coupling Between the Stratosphere and Mesosphere During IPY, AGU Joint Assembly, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 24-27 May, 2009.

R. L. Collins, Middle atmosphere research and associated lidar activities at the University of Alaska, European Space Agency Workshop on Space Lidar for Observation of the MLT Region, Noordwijk, Netherlands, 27-28 April, 2009.

R. L. Collins, V. L. Harvey, B. Thurairajah, D. E. Atkinson, C. J. Larsen, G. Baumgarten, J. Fiedler, B. J. Firanski, M. Gerding, J. Hoeffner, J. M. Livingston, F.-J. Lue;bken, K. Mizutani, W. Pan, R. J. Sica, K. B. Strawbridge, Rayleigh Lidar Network Observations and Analysis of the Evolution of the Arctic Middle Atmosphere during the IPY Winter 2007-2008, AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, USA, 15-19 December, 2008.

B. Thurairajah, R. L. Collins, V. L. Harvey, R. S. Lieberman, D. E. Atkinson, J. M. Livingston, K. Mizutani, H.-L. Liu, (Invited) Coupling between the Arctic middle and upper atmosphere during the 2007-2008 IPY winter, AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, USA, 15-19 December, 2008.

R L. Collins, V. L. Harvey, B. Thurairajah, D. E. Atkinson, C. J. Larsen, G. Baumgarten, J. Fiedler, B. J. Firanski, M. Gerding, J. Hoeffner, J. M. Livingston, F.-J. Luebken, K. Mizutani, W. Pan, R. J. Sica, K. B. Strawbridge, The Structure and Evolution of the Arctic Middle Atmosphere during the IPY Winter; Rayleigh Lidar Network Observations and Analysis, (Invited) Annual European Meeting on Atmospheric Studies by Optical Methods, Maynooth, Ireland, 24-29 August, 2008.

R. L. Collins, L. Su, D. A. Krueger, C.-Y. She, Statistics of Vertical Heat Flux Measurements by Sodium Doppler Wind-Temperature Lidars, Twenty-Fourth International Laser Radar Conference, Boulder, USA, 23-27 June, 820-823, 2008.

B. Thurairajah, R. L. Collins, V. L. Harvey, D.E. Atkinson, K. Mizutani, J. M. Livingston, C. J. Heinselman, M. A. McCready, W. Pan, Analysis of the wave-driven circulation in the Arctic middle atmosphere using Rayleigh lidar observations, Twenty-Fourth International Laser Radar Conference, Boulder, USA, 23-27 June, 777-780, 2008.

R. L. Collins, B. Thurairajah, D. E. Atkinson, V. L. Harvey, K. Mizutani, and R. S. Lieberman, Pan-Arctic study of the coupled tropospheric, stratospheric, and mesospheric circulation, SPARC Data Assimilation and International Polar Year Workshop, Toronto, Canada, 4-7 September, 2007.

R. L. Collins, B. Thurairajah, K. Mizutani, R. H. Varney, Lidar observations of noctilucent clouds in the western Arctic, Eighth International Workshop on Layered Phenomena in the Mesopause Region, Fairbanks, USA, 21-24 August, 2007.

B. Thurairajah, R. S. Lieberman, D. Atkinson, V. L. Harvey, D, M. Riggan, K. Sakanoi, K. Mizutani, R. L. Collins, Observational study of the Arctic lower and middle atmosphere using Rayleigh lidar, satellite, meteorological measurements and analyses, Eighth International Workshop on Layered Phenomena in the Mesopause Region, Fairbanks, USA, 21-24 August, 2007.

D. Lummerzheim, E. M. Lundell, L. Su, R. L. Collins, Studies of topside molecular ions and ion outflow, First AMISR science planning workshop, Monterey, USA, 11-13 October, 2006.

T. Aoki, K. Mizutani, R. L. Collins, S. Ishii, and J. Fochesatto, Multiwavelength and Depolarization Lidar measurements of Clouds and Aerosols, Reviewed and revised papers presented at the Twenty-Third International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), Nara, Japan, 24-28 July, 455-456, 2006.

J. Fochesatto, K. Sassen, R. L. Collins, Differential Polarization Reflectivity at 1.574 ?m Eye-Safe Backscatter Lidar, Reviewed and revised papers presented at the Twenty-Third International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), Nara, Japan, 24-28 July, 103-106, 2006.

J. Fochesatto, R. Collins, C. Cahill, J. Connor, and J. Yue, Downward Mixing in the Continental Arctic Boundary Layer During a Smoke Episode, Reviewed and revised papers presented at the Twenty-Third International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), Nara, Japan, 24-28 July, 817-820, 2006.

Y. Ohtani, K. Mizutani, and R. L. Collins, Raman Lidar measurements of the Water Vapor Profile in Alaska, Reviewed and revised papers presented at the Twenty-Third International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), Nara, Japan, 24-28 July, 883-884, 2006.

K. Sakanoi, R. L. Collins, Y. Murayama, and K. Mizutani, Observations of Noctilucent Clouds in the Western Arctic, Reviewed and revised papers presented at the Twenty-Third International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), Nara, Japan, 24-28 July, 611-614, 2006.

R. L. Collins, L. Su, D. Lummerzheim, R. Doe, NATO specialists Meeting - Characterizing the Ionosphere, Fairbanks, USA, 12-16 June, 2006.

R. L. Collins, Noctilucent Clouds: Ice Clouds in the Alaskan Summer, American Association of Physics Teachers Winter Meeting, Anchorage, AK, 21-25 January, 2006 (Invited).

L. J. Gelinas, K. A. Lynch, M. C. Kelley, and R. L. Collins, Charged Dust in the Polar Winter Mesosphere, Fall AGU Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 5-9 December, 2005.

K. M. Nielsen, J. Taylor, P. F. Jensen, R. L. Collins, R L, L. Su, B. Thurairajah, J. G. McDonald, and Z. J Marlow, Coordinated Imaging and Lidar measurements of Noctilucent Cloud Dynamics over Poker Flat, Alaska, August 2005, Fall AGU Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 5-9 December, 2005.

J. Fochesatto, R. L. Collins, J. Yue, C. F. Cahill, and K. Sassen, Compact eye-safe backscatter lidar for aerosol studies in urban polar environment, in Lidar Remote Sensing for Environmental Monitoring VI, Upendra N. Singh, Editor, Proc. SPIE, 5887, 12 September 2005, doi:10.1117/12.620970.

R. L. Collins, T. Hou, M. A Peshave, M. G. Conde, B. W. Reinisch, Observations of Sporadic Sodium-, Iron- and E-Layers at a High-Latitude Site, Fall AGU Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 8-12 December, 2003.

K. Sakanoi, K. Mizutani, R. L. Collins, S. M. Bailey, T. E. Stern, W. Wang, A. W. Merkel, Lidar and Satellite Observations of Noctilucent Clouds in the Western Arctic, Fall AGU Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 8-12, December, 2003.

R. L. Collins, M. C. Kelley, M. J. Nicolls, C. Ramos, T. Hou, T. E. Stern, K. Mizutani, and T. Itabe, Simultaneous lidar observations of a noctilucent cloud and an internal wave in the polar mesosphere, AAAS 53rd Arctic Science Conference, Fairbanks, AK, 18-21 September, 84, 2002b.

N. Cao, R. L. Collins, and C. F. Cahill, Development of an eye-safe lidar for studies of urban ice fog, AAAS 53rd Arctic Science Conference, Fairbanks, AK, 18-21 September, 75, 2002.

J. M. Holmes, M. Conde, and R. L. Collins, Ground-based optical imaging of sporadic sodium clouds near the summer mesopause, using resonantly scattered sunlight, AAAS 53rd Arctic Science Conference, Fairbanks, AK, 18-21 September, 115, 2002.

T. Hou, T. E. Stern, J. Breese, R. L. Collins, and T. J. Kane, Experimental analysis of iron Boltzmann technique for lidar studies of the Arctic middle atmosphere, AAAS 53rd Arctic Science Conference, Fairbanks, AK, 18-21 September, 117, 2002.

Y. Murayama et al., International cooperative project of the Arctic middle and upper atmosphere observation in Alaska by CRL and GI/UAF, AAAS 53rd Arctic Science Conference, Fairbanks, AK, 18-21 September, 2002.

N. Cao, R. L. Collins, C. F. Cahill, An eye-safe lidar for studies of urban ice fog, Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, Reviewed and revised papers presented at the twenty-first International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), Quebec, Canada, 8-12 July, 253-255, 2002a.

T. Hou, T. E. Stern, J. Breese, M. A. Peshave, R. L. Collins, Experimental analysis of iron Boltzmann technique for lidar studies of the middle atmosphere, Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, Reviewed and revised papers presented at the twenty-first International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), Quebec, Canada, 8-12 July, 477-479, 2002.

K. A. Lynch, L. J. Gelinas, R. L. Collins, J. Ulwick, M. Widholm, E. MacDonald, M. C. Kelley, Multiple sounding rocket observations of mesospheric dust in the polar winter mesosphere, AGU Spring Meeting, Washington, DC, 28-31 May, 2002.

L. J. Gelinas , K. A. Lynch, R. L. Collins,T. Hou, T. E. Stern, E. MacDonald, M. Widholm, J. Ulwick, M. C. Kelley, Measurement of mesospheric charged dust, iron, and sodium in the polar winter mesosphere, AGU Spring Meeting, Washington, DC, 28-31 May, 2002.

C. Ramos, C. Y. Chen, M. J. Nicolls, M. C. Kelley, R. L. Collins, T. Hou, T. E. Stern, K. Mizutani, T. Itabe, J. D. Vieira, K. R. Rasmussen, Radar and lidar studies of the Arctic summer mesopause region in Alaska, International Workshop on Layered Phenomena in the Mesopause Region, 10-12 October, Monterray, CA, 2001.

C. F. Cahill, R. L. Collins. P. K. Stewart, S. M. Thomas, Chemical Composition and Lidar Measurements of Frostfire Smoke, Frostfire Synthesis Meeting, March 21-23, 4, Fairbanks, AK, 2000.

R. L. Collins, M. F. Larsen, and A. B. Christensen, CODA chemical release and lidar observations of winds in the 85-140 km altitude region, AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 13-17 December, 1999.

K. Mizutani, T. Itabe, R. L. Collins, L. J. Cutler, Rayleigh and resonance lidar observations during mesospheric inversion layer events, AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 13-17 December, 1999.

R. L. Collins, J. Breese, T. Itabe, K. Mizutani, Lidar studies of Arctic stratosphere and mesosphere, AGU Chapman Conference, Science Across the Stratopause, Annapolis, MD, 19-22 April, 1999.

R. L. Collins, J. Breese, T. Itabe, K. Mizutani, Joint GI and CRL Lidar Observations at Poker Flat Research Range, International Workshop on the Arctic Atmosphere Observation, Tokyo Japan, 15-17 December, 1998.

R. L. Collins, D. DeLucia, M. Piedra, S. M. Thomas, T. Itabe, K. Mizutani, Collaborative Lidar Studies of the Arctic Middle Atmosphere, 49th Arctic Science Conference, Fairbanks, AK, 25-28 October, 38-39, 1998.

R. L. Collins and R. W. Smith, Resonance Lidar and Airglow Observations of Wave Activity in the Arctic Mesopause, Nineteenth International Laser Radar Conference, Annapolis, MD., 6-10 July, eds. U. N. Singh, S. Ismail, and G. K. Schwemmer, 351-354, 1998.

R. Woodard, R. L. Collins, R. S. Disselkamp, T. Shibata, and Y. Iwasaka, Circular Depolarization Measurements of Cirrus Clouds, Nineteenth International Laser Radar Conference, Annapolis, MD., 6-10 July, eds. U. N. Singh, S. Ismail, and G. K. Schwemmer, 47-50, 1998.

R. L. Collins, Lidar studies of the Arctic mesopause region at Poker Flat, Alaska, International Workshop on the Arctic Atmospheric Environment, Tokyo, Japan, 17-19 March, 119-124, 1997.

R. L. Collins, D. Lummerzheim, and R. W. Smith, Analysis of lidar systems for profiling auroral molecular species, 26th Anomalous Absorbtion Conference, Fairbanks, AK, 26-30 August, 1996.

T. J. Kane and R. L. Collins, Resonance lidar Observations of the Middle Atmosphere at Poker Flat Research Range, US-Japan Workshop on Arctic Research, Fairbanks, AK, 6-8 February 79-84, 1996.

R. L. Collins and H. Stenbaek-Nielsen, Barium Ion Lidar: Analysis of a lidar system for measuring temperatures in the middle thermosphere (200-500 km), Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, Salt Lake City, UT, February 5-9, 1995.

R. L. Collins, D. Lummerzheim, and R. W. Smith, Lidar probing of excited species in the aurora: Analysis of an auroral lidar system under realistic field conditions, International Symposium of Polar and Tropical Atmospheres, Nagoya, Japan, November 7-11, 1994. (Invited).


Richard Collins rlc@gi.alaska.edu